Pest description, crop damage and life history
Common Pests of Vegetable Crops
Pest monitoring Apply any of the recommended pesticides 10 to 20 days after the peak moth flight.
Weed control is important. Lambsquarters and wild mustard attract egg-laying females and provide a source of food for larvae. Fall tillage can help destroy overwintering pupae.
Home gardeners: Control weeds, grasses, and debris in the vegetable garden that provide cover; hand-pick cutworm larvae, using a flashlight to find them as they are nocturnal, if practical. Scratch the soil at the base of plants to find larvae in the daytime.
Management-chemical control: HOME USE
Apply any one of these materials to the soil surface at first sign of cutworm activity. Consult label. Minimum preharvest interval (PHI) varies with crop. Difficult to control. Where cutworms are on the soil surface, a carbaryl drench, when bees are not present, may help.
- azadirachtin (neem oil)-Some formulations are OMRI-listed for organic use.
- Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (Bt)-Some formulations are OMRI-listed for organic use.
- carbaryl-To avoid harming bees, do not apply products containing carbaryl to plants in bloom.
- kaolin-Applied as a spray to foliage and stems it acts as a repellent to some insect pests. Some formulations are OMRI-listed for organic use.
- plant essential oils (rosemary, etc.)-Some have demonstrated efficacy against lepidopteran larvae. Some formulations are OMRI-listed for organic use.
- pyrethrins (often combined with other ingredients)-Some formulations are OMRI-listed for organic use.
- spinosad (as a mix with other ingredient)-Some formulations are OMRI-listed for organic use.
Management-chemical control: COMMERCIAL USE
- carbaryl (Sevin) at 1 lb ai/A. PHI 3 days for harvest of succulents, 21 days for harvest of dried, 14 days for forage, and 21 days for hay. REI 12 hr. Do not exceed 6 lb ai/A per crop. Toxic in aquatic habitats. Do not apply carbaryl dust to blooming weeds because of severe hazard to pollinating bees. Latex-based formulations, such as Sevin XLR Plus, are less hazardous to bees.
- chlorantraniliprole/lambda-cyhalothrin (Voliam Xpress) at 0.059 to 0.088 lb ai/A. PHI 21 days. REI 24 hr. Retreatment interval 5 days. Do not exceed 0.12 lb. ai of lambda-cyhalothrin or 0.2 lb. ai of chlorantraniliprole per acre per growing season. Do not graze livestock or harvest vines for forage or hay.
- esfenvalerate (Asana) at 0.03 to 0.05 lb ai/A. PHI 21 days. REI 12 hr. Do not exceed 0.2 lb ai/A per year. Do not feed or graze livestock on treated vines.
- gamma-cyhalothrin (Proaxis) at 0.01 to 0.015 lb/A. PHI 21 days. REI 24 hr. Do not apply within 25 ft of an aquatic habitat, 150 ft if applied by air. Do not graze. Do not exceed 0.06 lb ai/A per year.
- lambda-cyhalothrin (Warrior II) at 0.02 to 0.03 lb ai/A. PHI 21 days. REI 24 hr. Do not feed to or graze livestock. Do not exceed 0.12 lb ai/A per year. Do not apply within 25 ft of an aquatic habitat, 150 ft if applied by air.